Oscars 2022: what is alopecia, the disease that Jada Pinkett-Smith suffers from?
The 2022 Oscars were marked by Will Smith's violent intervention, when comedian Chris Rock joked about the shaved head of his wife, Jada Pinkett-Smith, who suffers from alopecia. What is alopecia, the disease suffered by actress Jada Pinkett-Smith?
The 94th edition of the Academy Awards, which was held this Sunday, March 27, was marked by the coup of the Oscar-winning actor that same night, Will Smith. The 53-year-old actor was furious when comedian Chris Rock joked about his wife Jada Pinkett-Smith's shaved head, who has alopecia. On hand to present an award, the comedian joked about Jada Pinkett-Smith's hairstyle, dubbing her "GI Jane" in reference to her shaved head. Will Smith's blood boiled, the actor went straight onstage and slapped Chris Rock. While the congregation at first thought it was a set up, the mood clouded a few minutes later when Will Smith, back in his seat, yelled "keep my wife's name out of your fucking mouth."
Jada Pinkett-Smith had her head shaved on July 12, due to her severe hair loss caused by her alopecia. The 50-year-old actress spoke about this touchy subject in 2018 on her own show "Red Table Talk." "It was scary when it started. I was in the shower one day and I had strands of hair in my hands and I was like, 'Oh my God, am I going bald?' she said. Jada Pinkett-Smith has since decided to come to terms with her illness by announcing on December 28 in a video posted on Instagram that "this alopecia and I are going to become best friends. That's it".
What is alopecia, the disease that Jada Pinkett-Smith suffers from?
Alopecia is an autoimmune disease that causes temporary or permanent hair loss (moderate or severe). As a reminder, hair loss is considered abnormal beyond a loss of 100 hairs per day. Alopecia is a partial or total "loss" of the skull, or even the entire body. This disease is due to a failure of the immune system and can affect men, women and children alike.
In case of symptoms of alopecia, it is important to consult because this aesthetic and psychological problem can also be the first symptom of an underlying pathology. If so, treatment of this underlying condition usually eliminates the alopecia. And if the cause is not found, treatments vary depending on whether you are a woman or a man.
In the case of alopecia in a man, the first intention is to take food supplements or apply solutions (based on minoxidil) that stimulate hair growth. If the patient sees inconclusive results, surgery (hair transplant or micrografting) may be considered.
If a woman has alopecia, she will be offered several treatments:
hormonal treatment with antiandrogens (if there are no contraindications by the doctor);
local treatments can be applied but their effects are limited;
take food supplements;
mesotherapy (local microinjections of various products).