Shocking 34 degrees at the North Pole
This Tuesday a temperature of 34 degrees was registered in Russia, on the edge of the Arctic Ocean. It is 20 to 25 degrees higher than normal.
The Arctic Ocean, which covers an area of approximately 14 million km2, is the smallest and shallowest ocean on our planet. It is also the coldest, but maybe not now. And for good reason, the Arctic faces extremely high temperatures, which hit 34 degrees on Tuesday.
This temperature, to say the least, was scorching in Oust-Olenek, a Russian town on the edge of the Arctic Ocean. British meteorologist Scott Duncan shared the weather maps on social media. "It is very hot on the edge of the Arctic Ocean," he said. "An incredible temperature of 34 degrees has just been recorded at the 73rd parallel in Russia (by comparison, the Arctic Circle is much lower, at 66 degrees north latitude). It is 20-25 degrees higher than normal" .
On June 20, a record temperature of 38 degrees was measured at the Arctic Circle in Verchojansk, at 67 degrees north latitude. This temperature was 18 degrees higher than the average temperature in June.
Therefore, it is currently very hot in the Oust-Olenek region, day and night, while the thermometer does not drop below 20 degrees.
The largest ice field at the North Pole is in the Arctic Ocean. Ice that has melted like snow in the sun. "The surface water temperature is exceptionally high, especially near Scandinavia. If this continues, 2020 could break the 2012 record, "says Scott Duncan.
Bad news for the rest of the world.
These exceptional heats are obviously bad news for the rest of the world. In fact, they have a considerable impact on other oceans and the species that live there. For example, breeding sites are disappearing and coral continues to bleach continuously.
The warming of the Arctic Ocean is also raising the sea level. "On the one hand, because the water expands as it heats up, and on the other hand, because of the melting of land ice that ends up in the seas and oceans," Duncan said.
Physicist Antti Lipponen from the Finnish Meteorological Institute warned last weekend that the Arctic is warming up much faster than previously thought. "According to NASA figures, the area north of the 64th parallel has warmed more than 3.8 times faster than the rest of the world in the past 30 years," said the Finnish scientist.
Image: Scott Duncan