Tanning booths associated with increased risk of endometriosis

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The use of tanning booths increases the risk of endometriosis, a chronic and debilitating gynecological disease. One more reason not to set foot there, after the increased risk of skin cancer.

In addition to increasing the risk of melanoma, the most dangerous skin cancer, the use of tanning beds is also believed to increase the risk of endometriosis, according to a new scientific study.

Published December 2 in the journal Human Reproduction, it was conducted among 116,429 American nurses ages 25 to 42 at the start of the study in 1989. Every two years through June 2015, participants completed questionnaires that provided information about their history. doctor and your exposure to risk factors for various diseases. The study looked at the use of UV cabinets, but also sun exposure, the number of moles on the skin, and the number of sunburns contracted between the ages of 15 and 20. Among the 95,080 women included in the final analyzes, the researchers identified 4,791 cases of endometriosis diagnosed laparoscopically during the follow-up period.

By checking the data obtained and taking into account any biases, the scientists found that compared to women who had never used a tanning bed, women who had used it six or more times a year during their teens or early teens adulthood had a 19% increased risk of endometriosis. If they had used them this often between the ages of 25 and 35, their risk was 24%.

Having five or more sunburns between the ages of 15 and 20 was also associated with an increased risk of endometriosis, 12% more than in women who had never had a sunburn. Sunscreen use was also associated with an increased risk of endometriosis, not because of the products themselves, but because it involves increased exposure to the sun, during beach activities or otherwise.

"We know very little about how to change your behavior to reduce your risk of developing endometriosis. We still do not understand much about the relationship between recreational sun exposure and endometriosis risk. However, our results suggest that avoiding excessive sun exposure and using sunbeds can reduce the risk of endometriosis, "said study co-author Professor Stacey Missmer.

Endometriosis is a chronic gynecological disease that affects at least one in ten women of childbearing age. It manifests itself by the abnormal presence of fragments similar to the endometrium, the uterine lining, outside the uterus: for example, in the bladder, fallopian tubes, ovaries, digestive system, diaphragm, etc. This disease causes severe pain during menstruation (dysmenorrhea), but often also when going to the bathroom, during sexual intercourse or even daily, and is sometimes synonymous with infertility. Treatment can be hormonal, with a contraceptive that suppresses the menstrual cycle, or surgical, eliminating the lesions. Unfortunately, the disease can recur.

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